In the 70's I was part of Grupo Cine Labor (16 mm documentary short films)
as technician, to keep equipment & three VW Combis on the roll: a model '59 T1 Van, a model 74 T2 Van with venetian windows added, and a Model '73 T2 Combi (mine)
with 9 seats. I also did animations with a modifyed Bolex (the VW of 16 mm cameras!!)
to shoot frame by frame. I mounted the Bolex on a vertical tube to move it up or down, made drawings on the studio floor below that tube and for centering images, I used a jewelers eye piece looking inside the open Bolex on a 90º angle prism, to focus through the lens (Bolex were non reflex),
marc all my moves & distances before I started shooting (sometimes from tail to head for certain effects, like destrying the map piece by piece until it was gone: gives the impression a map was being drawn until completed. Lots of Letraset colors & tapes for that!)
. Also did the credits with Letraset & animation cells & high contrast B&W film (very very boring!)
. We shooted every image twice, at 24 frames a second that meant 12 images per second (half the work & time!!)
. No BMP
's, no Alphas
, no DXT3
's much less those DDS
's!! And HTML
were unheard of!!
Then deliver to development lab. Sometimes they said when picking up the work: "¿Guess what? The film was in the soup when electricity failed"
& I had to start all over again